Dry facial skin affects people differently. Some people are just prone to excessive dry facial skin. It may not just be hereditary however. There are many external factors that cause skin to become dry, such as changes in temperature or heredity, harsh chemical soaps and showering using very hot water. Eczema may also cause skin to feel dry.
So what causes skin to become dry?
Not enough production of sebum — a naturally occurring oil in the skin — can lead to dry skin. Sebum is important to keep the skin hydrated and protect the ski cells from infection. Skin that’s not creating enough or replenishing enough sebum can become dry.
Cold weather and dry air can cause skin to become dry and itchy. When the air is cold and dry, the water in your skin evaporates more quickly, causing your skin to feel dry and tight. Skin can lose up to 25 percent of its ability to keep moisture and hold it during the winter months.
Exposure to harsh chemicals. Using some soaps and body cleansers can cause skin dryness. Harsh cleansers can strip the skin’s natural oils, damaging the proteins and lipids in the skin, leading to dryness and irritation. For example, some soaps contain sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), a compound that’s found in many detergents. Once again, not everyone is affected in the same way. In fact, some people can use soaps containing SLS with no adverse side effects. However because soaps containing SLS can cause dryness, people who have naturally dry skin can be adversely affected. Choose soaps made from natural ingredients like vegetable oils, cocoa butter, olive oil, aloe vera, jojoba and avocado.
Frequent washing can cause your skin to dry out quickly, especially if the water you use is very hot. Soap and water strips the protective oils in the skin, causing it to dry out.
Diabetes. Higher than normal blood glucose levels pull fluids from your body, causing skin to become dry. People with diabetes are susceptible to fungal infections that creates a red, itchy rash that can cause dry and irritated skin.
The best way to control your dry skin is to use a high quality moisturizer, and use it often. Using a moisturizer containing hyaluronic acid, ceramides and colloidal oatmeal can go a long way in keeping your skin well hydrated. Natural moisturizers using pure aloe vera gel, coconut oil and shea butter are great for your face as well.
Also keep an eye on the amount of time you spend in a hot water shower. Make your showers short (it’ll save water as well) and immediately after, dry off quickly and put on your moisturizing lotion.
Another product that will help to hydrate the skin and help build up the collagen are SilcSkin anti-wrinkle pads. Once these pads — made from medical grade silicone — are applied to the skin, they foster a micro-climate between the skin and the pad that stimulates the skin and increases the moisture. This causes the skin to “plump” out. Originally developed to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines and scars, SilcSkin pads are easy to apply and keep on. They’re self adhesive (no glues, chemicals or lotions are used. The nature of the silicone aids in the adherence) and work the most effectively when worn over the course of a few hours. The best way to use them is to put them on just before going to be, then leaving them on while sleeping. Just peel them off in the morning.